Skip to main content

Combobox

A combobox is a list in which the selected item is always visible, and others are visible on demand by clicking a drop-down button or by typing in the input. They are used to simplify the design and make a choice within the UI.

When closed, only the selected item is visible. When users click the drop-down button, all the options become visible. To change the value, users open the list and click another value or use the arrow keys (up and down) to select a new value. When collapsed the user can select a new value by typing.

Note that if trigger is specified, the inputs are submitted if the value changes and the user presses Enter or clicks out of the textbox. The value is also submitted upon dropdown option selection.

The name attribute indicates how to reference this component in the query arguments: q.args.<name-attr>.

You can see the API for ui.combobox or check the interactive example in Tour app.

Basic combobox#

combobox-0

q.page['example'] = ui.form_card(box='1 1 2 2', items=[    ui.combobox(name='combobox', label='Combobox', choices=['Cyan', 'Magenta', 'Yellow', 'Black']),])

Setting initial values#

Use the value attribute to control the preselected state of the combobox.

combobox-1

q.page['example'] = ui.form_card(box='1 1 2 2', items=[    ui.combobox(name='combobox', label='Combobox', value='Cyan',        choices=['Cyan', 'Magenta', 'Yellow', 'Black']),])

With placeholder#

A string that is rendered until a value is picked, provides a hint on what kind of information is expected to be filled in. However, don't mix it with label. For example, the label could be Name and the placeholder John Doe. It might be tempting to omit the label and use a placeholder instead, but that is considered a UX anti-pattern.

combobox-2

q.page['example'] = ui.form_card(box='1 1 2 2', items=[    ui.combobox(name='combobox', label='Combobox', placeholder='e.g. Cyan',        choices=['Cyan', 'Magenta', 'Yellow', 'Black']),])

Disabled combobox#

Use disabled attribute to indicate that the combobox is read-only or not actionable yet (e.g. waiting for a user to fill in other form items).

combobox-3

q.page['example'] = ui.form_card(box='1 1 2 2', items=[    ui.combobox(name='combobox', label='Combobox', disabled=True,        choices=['Cyan', 'Magenta', 'Yellow', 'Black']),])

With error#

Used for validation results. Make sure to not use generic error messages as An error occurred. Make sure the error messages are clear and the user will know what to change to make validation pass.

combobox-4

q.page['example'] = ui.form_card(box='1 1 2 2', items=[    ui.combobox(name='combobox', label='Combobox', error='Choose a valid color',        choices=['Cyan', 'Magenta', 'Yellow', 'Black']),])