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Dropdown

A dropdown is a list in which the selected item is always visible and others are visible on demand by clicking a drop-down button. They are used to simplify the design and make a choice within the UI. When closed, only the selected item is visible. All the options become visible once users click the drop-down button.

To change the value, users open the list and click another value or use the arrow keys (up and down) to select a new value.

The name attribute indicates how to reference this component in the query arguments: q.args.<name-attr>.

You can see the API for ui.dropdown or check the interactive example in Tour app.

Basic dropdown#

dropdown-0

q.page['example'] = ui.form_card(box='1 1 2 2', items=[    ui.dropdown(name='dropdown', label='Dropdown', choices=[        ui.choice(name='choice1', label='Choice 1'),        ui.choice(name='choice2', label='Choice 2'),        ui.choice(name='choice3', label='Choice 3'),    ])])

Setting initial values#

Use either the value parameter or the values parameter. Setting the values parameter renders a multi-select dropdown.

dropdown-1

q.page['example'] = ui.form_card(box='1 1 2 2', items=[    ui.dropdown(name='dropdown', label='Dropdown', value='choice1', choices=[        ui.choice(name='choice1', label='Choice 1'),        ui.choice(name='choice2', label='Choice 2'),        ui.choice(name='choice3', label='Choice 3'),    ])])

Required dropdown#

Use the required attribute to render a small asterisk next to the label indicating this dropdown needs to have a value filled in otherwise the form is considered invalid. Note that validation logic needs to be handled by the developer.

dropdown-2

q.page['example'] = ui.form_card(box='1 1 2 2', items=[    ui.dropdown(name='dropdown', label='Dropdown', required=True, choices=[        ui.choice(name='choice1', label='Choice 1'),        ui.choice(name='choice2', label='Choice 2'),        ui.choice(name='choice3', label='Choice 3'),    ])])

With placeholder#

A string that is rendered until a value is picked, provides a hint on what kind of information is expected to be filled in. However, don't mix it with label. For example, the label could be Name and the placeholder John Doe. It might be tempting to omit the label and use the placeholder instead, but that is considered a UX anti-pattern.

dropdown-3

q.page['example'] = ui.form_card(box='1 1 2 2', items=[    ui.dropdown(name='dropdown', label='Dropdown', placeholder='Choice 1', choices=[        ui.choice(name='choice1', label='Choice 1'),        ui.choice(name='choice2', label='Choice 2'),        ui.choice(name='choice3', label='Choice 3'),    ])])

Disabled dropdown#

Use disabled attribute to indicate that the dropdown is read-only or not actionable yet (e.g. waiting for a user to fill in other form items).

dropdown-4

q.page['example'] = ui.form_card(box='1 1 2 2', items=[    ui.dropdown(name='dropdown', label='Dropdown', disabled=True, choices=[        ui.choice(name='choice1', label='Choice 1'),        ui.choice(name='choice2', label='Choice 2'),        ui.choice(name='choice3', label='Choice 3'),    ])])

With popup#

The popup attribute should be used to specify the dialog behavior. You can use one of these values: 'always', 'never', 'auto'

  • 'always': display dialog even when the number of choices < 100.
  • 'never': does not display dialog even when the number of choices > 100.
  • 'auto': only display dialog when the number of choices > 100 (default).

dropdown-5

q.page['example'] = ui.form_card(box='1 1 2 2', items=[    ui.dropdown(name='dropdown', popup='always', label='Dropdown', choices=[        ui.choice(name='choice1', label='Choice 1'),        ui.choice(name='choice2', label='Choice 2'),        ui.choice(name='choice3', label='Choice 3'),    ])])